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شار ایران فردا - رویکردهای مشارکتی و سیستم های اطلاعات جغرافیایی در برنامه ریزی گردشگری


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رویکردهای مشارکتی و سیستم های اطلاعات جغرافیایی در برنامه ریزی گردشگری

نوشته شده توسط:محسن رفیعیان
شنبه 21 فروردین 1389-08:30 ق.ظ

Participatory Approaches and

Geographical Information Systems

(PAGIS) in Tourism Planning

 

JULIA C. HASSE & SIMON MILNE

 

New Zealand Tourism Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand

 

ABSTRACT Tourism researchers and planners continue to grapple with the problem of how to

achieve more sustainable forms of tourism development; community participation and stakeholder

interaction are increasingly seen as central to achieving desired outcomes. This paper

explores how participatory approaches (PA) and geographical information systems (GIS) –

PAGIS – can be blended to provide a framework that can facilitate a better understanding of

attitudes towards tourism and enhance participation and stakeholder interaction in tourism

planning. The paper demonstrates the initial development process of PAGIS by focusing on the

case of Marahau, a small community in New Zealand. Marahau lies at the gateway to the Abel

Tasman National Park, one of New Zealand’s tourism icons. The community is facing considerable

changes that impact on their quality of life. This is, in part, due to increasing visitor

numbers and tourism developments resulting in growing conflicts over common resource use.

There are multiple stakeholders (community, Maori, local government, industry, developers)

involved in deciding the future of Marahau and this paper suggests that PAGIS has the potential

to play an important role in enhancing sustainable tourism development outcomes.

 

KEYWORDS: Geographical information systems, participatory approaches, community development,

stakeholder interaction, tourism planning, New Zealand

 

Introduction

 

There is a growing appreciation that tourism development should be economically

viable, environmentally sensitive and commensurate with the aspirations of host communities

(Milne 1998). Unless residents are empowered to participate in the decisionmaking

process, it is argued that tourism development will not translate community

values into sustainable directives (Sofield 2003).

 



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