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شار ایران فردا - ارتباط مفاهیم مرتتبط از زمینه های گوناگون برای ایجاد چهارچوب برنامه ریزی گردشگری


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ارتباط مفاهیم مرتتبط از زمینه های گوناگون برای ایجاد چهارچوب برنامه ریزی گردشگری

نوشته شده توسط:محسن رفیعیان
شنبه 21 فروردین 1389-08:34 ق.ظ

Linking Linkage Concepts from Diverse Fields to Build a Community-Based Tourism Planning Framework: The Case of Shuri, Japan

KAORUKO MIYAKUNI & GAIL A. VANDER STOEP

 

Department of Community, Agriculture, Recreation and Resource Studies,

Michigan State University, USA

 

ABSTRACT Concepts of physical, cognitive and economic linkages have become widely accepted

and applied in many fields, including cognitive psychology, planning, architectural

design and marketing. Use of corridors has been implemented in wildlife management, park

design, community development and transportation systems. This paper summarizes and synthesizes

literature from diverse fields and applications to suggest a framework for communitybased

tourism using an integrated system of linkages. Discussion is structured around six

spheres of tourism linkages: physical linkages, information linkages, visual linkages, transportation

linkages, interpretive linkages, and promotion and economic linkages. An observational

assessment of the application of these concepts is presented for the community of Shuri,

Japan, with recommendations for enhancing each linkage. It is suggested that this framework

be subjected to empirical analysis for its efficacy as a planning framework and its impacts on

both the tourist experience and community residents. Finally, it is recommended that community

stakeholders be actively engaged in community planning and development to incorporate

appropriate tourism elements and linkages consistent with community needs and preferences.

 

KEY WORDS: Linkages, tourism, corridor, planning, physical, cognitive, interpretation, information

 



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